Shri Yantra – Not just an yantra 🙂 Its Mantra, Yantra and Tantra. King of yantra(Yantra Raja). All other yantras are derived from Shri Yantra. First of all we should know how yantras are derived. Basically, yantra is a sacred geometry based on symbols and letters. In other words, it is a diagrammatic representation of a specific bheej mantra(s).
Symbols: Circle, Triangle, Square, Lotus petals, Trident, Polygon, Dot
Aksharas: Bheejaksharas(Oum, Aim, Shreem, Hreem,..), Numbers
Materials: Gold, Silver, Copper, Panchaloka, Ashtadhatu, Kadu-Sharkara-Yoga, Navapashana, Wood, Stone, divine nature/saatvic flowers.
Varga: Mandala, Chakra.
Shape: 2D form(drawn from any of the above materials sheet/foil), 3D form(meru – etched/carved from any of the above materials.
Gods and Goddesses are based on some tatvaas. Say Bhrama is shristi kartha, Maha Vishnu is sththi kartha, Rudra is samhara karaka, Maheshwara is trobhava karaka, Sadhashiva is the anugraha karaka and their corresponding shaktis are Saraswati, Lakshmi, Durga(Uma), Maheshwari, Manonmani respectively. These god/goddess are the different sources of energy. Physical appearance, mudhra, yantra, tantra, bheej mantra other worshiping methods are derived based on this tatvaa. Each symbol has its own tatvaa and it is backed by one of the five primary elements(panchabhootha).
God/Goddess is a metaphor of the prapancha formed by panchabhootha in the tantrik way of worship. The bheej mantra forms a bridge between mantra and tantra. Yantra is a physical body(sthoola) which connects cosmic or subtle body mantra(manam) and tantra(atma). Tantric way of worshiping the deity helps to attain moksha saagara easier then the other two methods. In other words, A temple built based on Agama Shastra is a source of energy. Not all persons worshiping the deity in the temple will never get the same results(not talking about materialistic matters). It totally depends on the way a person worships in the temple. If a person just worship the physical form of the deity/yantra without mind(mantra/manam). It will not give a result. At the same time, if a person who realizes the mind and worship the deity/yantra gives a result. It can be achieved by rituals which encapsulates the body and mind. In most of the temples, yantra and mantra way of worship is adhered and a very few temples are strictly following the tantrik approach.
During Vedic period and medieval period our ancestors got an immense benefits from the mantra and yantra way of worshiping. During the vedic period temples does not exists, But divine source was invoked by the sacrifices(Yagna) and rituals. In the medieval period, People are not much civilized to adhere to the rituals. So, temples were built based on agama shastra to experience the divine nature of the supreme lord(paramatma) for the entire world. Like a spoon feeding education with some rituals. Now a days, 80 percent of the rituals does not exists and its a curse in this kali yuga. Thats why now a days temple has become like a mall/supermarket and losing its religious significance, idols of God/Goddess are losing its divine power.
Let us talk about Shri Yantra. It was created by the Lord Shiva and he preached Adhi Sankara about the worship method. Shri Lalitha Tripura Sundari is the presiding deity of Shri Yantra and she is the supreme goddess in all form of shastras. The word tripura sundari means the she is the beautiful among the three worlds(three states of consciousness) and she rules the three worlds with her divine power. Shri Lalitha Sahasra Nama Stotra, Devi Mahatmiyam, Soundarya Lahari, Khadgama Stotram are the texts composed by Shri Adhi Sankaracharya which describes about the supreme goddess Lalitha Tripura Sundari and Shri Yantra.
Shri Chakra or Sripuram is a nine-storey castle where Goddess Lalitha Tripura Sundari is the queen and presiding deity. Lalitha is the union of the Lord Shiva and Shakthi. Shrichakra is composed of 5 upper triangles and 4 lower triangles. Upper triangles are representing the Lord Shiva(Agni tattva) and the lower triangles are representing the lord Shakthi(Jala tattva). All these triangles are interlocked and it represents the union of Shiva and Shakthi. The point between all the triangles is the central part of the yantra called Bindhu. It represents the Lalitha Tripura Sundari. In tantra, it is the supreme nature of the god and sahasrara chakra. In mantra, it is the akshara Oum. It also represents the supreme nature of dasa maha vidhya.
Shri Chakra has nava avarnas. Each avarna(stage) has its own deity and yogini. Each avarna represents a chakra in our human body. It has 16+8 = 24 lotus petals, 14+10+10+8+1=43 triangles in total. Each represents a deity inside this mandala. Each yogini and parivara devata residing in an avarana is responsible for controlling different parts of the sthoola and sukshma shareera. I will discuss about this in a separate blog.
First Avaranam: Bhupuram
Swamini: Trailokya Mohana Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Prakada Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Anima Siddhe, Laghima Siddhe, Garima Siddhe, Mahima Siddhe, Isitva Siddhe, Vasitva Siddhe, Prakamya Siddhe, Bhukti Siddhe, Iccha Siddhe, Prapti Siddhe, Sarvakama Siddhe, Brahmi, Mahesvari, Koumari, Vaisnavi, Varahi, Mahendri, Camunde, Mahalaksmi, Sarva Samksobhini, Sarva Vidravini, Sarva karsini, Sarva Vasamkari, Sarvonmadini, Sarva Mahankuse, Sarva Khecari, Sarva Bije, Sarva Yone, Sarva Trikhande
The fist avaranam – Bhupura is the seat for ashta siddhis, sapta kannimars and other devatas. This avaranam is closely associated to the prakrithi. It forms the shield and the base of tantric system.
Second Avaranam: Shodasa dala padma Avaranam
Swamini: Sarvasaa Paripuraka Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Gupta Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Kamakarsini, Buddhyakarsini, Ahamkarakarsini, Sabdhakarsini, Sparsakarsini, Rupakarsini, Rasakarsini, Gandhakarsini, Cittakarsini, Dharyakarsini, Smrityikarsini, Namakarsini, Bijakarsini, Atmakarsini, Amrtakarsini, Sarirakarsini
The second avaranam has 16 lotus petals and so it is called as Shodasa Thala Avaranam. Each petal represents one akarshana devata. All these parivara devatas are the form of shodasi – tripure devi.
Third Avaranam: Ashta dala padma Avaranam
Swamini: Sarva Samkshobahana Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Guptatara Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Ananga Kusume, Ananga Mekhale, Ananga Madane, Ananga Madananture, Ananga Redhe, Ananga Vegini, Ananga Kusume, Ananga Malini
The third avarana has 8 lotus petals and represents the above Ananga devatas.
Fourth Avaranam: Chatur dasa Avaranam
Swamini: Sarva Saubhagyadayaka Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Sampradaya Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Sarva Samksobhini, Sarva Vidravini, Sarva Karsini, Sarva Hladini, Sarva Sammohini, Sarva Stambini, Sarva Jrumbhini, Sarva Vasamkari, Sarva Ranjani, Sarvonmadini, Sarvarthasadhini, Sarva Sampattipurani, Sarva Mantra Mayi, Sarva Dvandva Ksayamkari
The fourth avarana has 14 triangles and represents the above devatas who are responsible for sarva saubhagya prapti.
Fifth Avaranam: Baahir dasa Avaranam
Swamini: Sarvarthasadhaka Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Kulotheerna Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Sarva Siddhiprade, Sarva Sampatprade, Sarva Priyamkari, Sarva Mangalakarini, Sarva Kamaprade, Sarva Duhkha Vimocani, Sarva Mrityu Prasamani, Sarva Vigna Nivarani, Sarvanga Sundari, Sarva Soubhagya Dayini
The fifth avarana has 10 triangles and its named as Baahir dasa avaranam because it forms the outer triangles with respect to the center of chakra.
Sixth Avaranam: Antar dasa Avaranam
Swamini: Sarva Rakshakara Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Nigarbha Yogini
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam: Sarva Jne, Sarva Sakte, Sarvaisvarya pradayini, Sarva Jnanamayi, Sarva Vyadhivinasini, Sarvadharasvarupe, Sarva Papa Hare, Sarva Ananda Mayi, Sarva Raksa Svarupini, Sarvepsita Phala Prade
The sixth avarana has 10 triangles and its named as Antar dasa avaranam because it forms the inner triangles with respect to the center of chakra.
Seventh Avaranam: Ashtakona Avaranam
Swamini: Sarva Rogahara Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Rahasya Yogini
Devate: Tripura siddhe
Nadi: Pingala Nadi(Surya)
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam:Vasini, Kamesvari, Modini, Vimale, Arune, Jayini, Sarvesvari, Kaulini
The seventh avarana has 8 triangles and so it is called as ashtakona avaranam. This avarna is guarded by ashta dikpalakas, ashta siddis and its close to the central part of the chakra. It plays a major role in the tantrik. It is a stage before attaining self realization.
Banini, Capini, Pasini, Ankusini are also the protectors of Lalitha Tripura Sundari. It represents the weapons of her.
Eighth Avaranam: Trigona Avaranam
Swamini: Sarva Siddhiprada Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Adhi Rahasya Yogini
Nadi: Ida Nadi(Soma)
Parivara Devate of this Avaranam:Maha Kamesvari, Maha Vajresvari, Maha Bhagamalini
The eighth avarana has a single triangle and each parivara devata sits in their respective corners. It represents the three states of conciousness, three worlds, thri muthis.
Ninth Avaranam: Bindu
Swamini: Sarva Anandamaya Chakra Swamini
Yogini: Parapara Rahasya Yogini
Devate: Shri Lalitha Tripura Sundari
This is the most important avarana in Shri Yantra and it is the place where the goddess Laitha Tripura Sundari resides and rules the entire avaranas. It is the final stage of worshipping the Yantra and Sahasara chakra is the ultimate destination with respect to Tantra.
Invoking The Godess Lalitha Tripura Sundari
Akhilantakoti Bhramhanda Nayaka Namosthute!